Dispatches From Curt — On Tokyo Rose And Torture, And Post Scripts


Tokyo Rose images courtesy of Radio Heritage Foundation


Tokyo Rose aka Iva Toguri D'Aquino was an American who broadcast as "Orphan Ann" during the Zero Hour program on Radio Tokyo during World War 11. A jury convicted her of treason in 1949, but investigative journalists found in 1974 that key witnesses had lied during her trial. Â She was pardoned by President Gerald Ford in 1977.

By Curtis Narimatsu

Hysteria overcame fact when Tokyo Rose Iva Toguri Ikuko D’Aquino (1916-2006), zoologist, was imprisoned by Tojo’s warlocks after she visited her ailing family member in Japan.  Under coercion/torture, she became Tojo’s Tokyo Rose [anti-U.S. propaganda to disrupt U.S. military morale]. She was unwilling like POW John McCain.  She was much later fully exonerated & today is ennobled as an American hero.

Prince Konoe was Tojo’s nemesis & refused to exonerate principal/fully guilty Hirohito as ordered by MacArthur [who used Hirohito to ensure post-WWII stability].  For this, Konoe was indicted as war criminal but chose death/suicide over folly.  “Beast of Bataan” Masaharu Homma should’ve released POWs after supply ran out from central hdqtrs.  But a soldier to the core, Homma could not release enemy combatants, lest he be hanged for treason. Nonetheless, Geneva Accords don’t excuse “following orders from high command” w/crimes vs. humanity.   Homma was shot [preferable to hanging].  Ironically, Homma was U.S.’ greatest empathizer, being Japan’s wisest Anglophile/anti-Tojo officer [Tojo learned cross culturally under Nazis].

Today’s U.S. young whip John Yoo justifies waterboarding.  He could’ve just said politically he was following orders to Bush to do so.  No, he had to be a Korean hot pickle/kimchee. So, if John Yoo’s soldier son [hypothetically] ever is tortured by waterboarding, what on earth kind of sorry ass excuse will John have to curtail such unthinkable death knell?   See, gang, this is the point —it could happen to you/your loved ones.   Mengele [short on age/high on hubris — Yoo see].  — Curt

curtis(Curtis Narimatsu is a lifelong resident of Hilo who writes about the forgotten past such as the old plantation days & untold heroes.)

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  1. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    City kids vs. country kids in terms of schooling beyond the 8th grade

    ILWU’s Ah Quon McElrath 1915-2008 from Iwilei was city lass who graduated

    from McKinley High 1934, & from UH 1938. City kids had advantage of available

    schooling beyond 8th grade [vs. country kids who were forced to stay on

    plantations to till soil for Big 5 oligarchy]. Not until egalitarian/altruist angel

    Oren Long came along/progressive educator a la Horace Mann/John Dewey

    1889-1965 as DPI/DOE chief 1934-1946 did country kids have a chance to go

    beyond the 8th grade. Honoka`a School is the perfect example, where the

    10th grade was added in 1936 & its 1st high school grad class emerged in

    1938 [Carolina Brasao Andrade’s granddaughter Mary Andrade Nachbar its

    renowned grad]. Dorothy Vasconcellos Souza 1920-1997 was usual city high

    school grad/diploma a given/taken for granted by city folks, but not so by

    country folks such as Carolina’s granddaughter Mary Andrade Nachbar also

    born 1920. –Curt

  2. Go Lakers
    Go Lakers says:

    Public school kids vs. Private school kids– There has been an improvement in public schools students academic achivement from the 90’s and 2000’s compared to the 70’s and 80’s. The public school student test scores, on the average, are still at the bottom of the nation but presently more students from public schools are better prepared academically with higher GPA’s, better SAT’s and more extracurricular activity resumes to enhance their ability to get accepted in to top schools on the mainland.

    At one time, in the 70’s and 80’s, the best public school students were going to UH Manoa and the better than average public school students were going to UHH instead of applying to the top public school and private school universities on the mainland. The private school kids, the graduates of Punahou, Kamehameha, HPA and even St. Joseph (maybe), had no limitations in academic ambition and were applying and getting accepted in to the best schools in the country. On the other hand, the best public school students accepted and preferred, maybe, staying closer to home.

    That has changed and the gap between public schools and private schools best students is not as wide as it used to be. Is that because of more parental involvement, better technology to self learn (because of the internet), better college advising at the public high schools, more awareness of financial aid and scholarships or the fact that the students are more aware of how important a good education from a good university is, could be all of those factors, not sure.

    But still the poor students at the public schools I would guess are responsible for Hawaii’s test scores being so low, on the whole.

    I think that is the challenge for the DOE is to bring up the test scores of the poor students so these students have the potential to if not be able to apply at the top universities on the mainland at least have the educational fundamentals, desire and appreciation to stay at home and get an education in their hometown or state.

  3. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    The other shoe —

    1986 Fanatic defames Heftel for homo/adultery perversion. Yet later, our

    Uchinanchu community wanted to skewer Waihee for alleged unfaithfulness vs.

    Waihee’s wife [Uchinanchu heritage]. –Curt

  4. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Taiwan coveted Hung Wai Ching 1905-2002 —

    Because Camp Smith [Pac Command] was synonymous w/Hung Wai Ching,

    Taiwan coveted Hung Wai. When Hung Wai went to Taipei, he was a virtual

    god there. Taiwanese as well as Chou En Lai knew of Hung Wai’s contacts

    w/U.S. military-industrial complex [Northrop/etc.]. Not hubris, just fact.

    Yet Hung Wai always was for the little guy in society, which is why Hung Wai

    enabled oddball Koji Ariyoshi to rebuke Koji’s UH elitists & transfer to U Georgia

    [little guy’s Tobacco Rd. notoriety]. Of course, in 1937 Hung Wai knew nothing

    about Stalin’s colossal genocide/purges. By the time Mao stoked Mao’s

    genocide/Cultural Revolution, Hung Wai was up to speed on so-called Commie

    bullshit. Which is why Koji Ariyoshi was too brainwashed to wake up like Hung Wai

    did 3 decades earlier. Koji’s loss. Hung Wai transformed Chou En Lai into an

    Anglophile/Western acolyte. It’s about respect. Though Hung Wai was Chou’s

    jr. by 7 yrs., Chou was attentive to Hung Wai’s nation-building [U.S.]. Love, –Curt

  5. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Abundance of a man’s heart is from Matthew 12:35 —

    The heart is filled w/both Jekyll & Hyde. Overcoming the Hyde in each of us is

    as elusive as a phantom. Isamu Kanekuni born 1921, knowledgeable as he

    is, is an utter A-hole — tells me why do I waste my time crusading for

    sports ancients/icons when today’s dying newsprint is about local contempos.

    Yes, newsprint dies w/our old farts, but to me business/economics are not

    excuses for sh_tcanning the past. Yes, blogging is my panacea, but I crusade

    to give our oldtime heroes their last shot at glory before they pass on to Divinity.

    Now what’s so useless about this! The heart, not the brain, is our noblest refrain!

    Yes, Isamu is no jesus/buddha/muhammad. Isamu is my negative role model who

    inspires me to REBUKE Isamu & battle even more by REJECTING Isamu’s heartless drivel.

    The post-1920 born buddaheads are fr_ckin’ punks/egotists/intolerants. Dad, I miss you

    [Toshi 1913-1998]. You, Hiro Higuchi, a breed apart from Isamu’s gang of

    hubris-makers. Love, –Curt

  6. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Theologian Reinhold Niebuhr 1892-1971 [alter ego to MLK/Barack Obama] —

    Niebuhr is Missouri-born German American whose dad was an evangelist. Like Hung Wai Ching,

    his protege, Niebuhr has divinity degree from Yale & is among NYC Union Theol. Sem.’s greatest

    figures [taught Hung Wai/devotees include Martin Luther King/Columbia U. sister school’s Barack

    Obama]. Like Yasutaro Soga’s slow but steady assimilation, Niebuhr transformed from incendiary

    leftist to moderate centrist peacemaker/consensus-builder. Extraordinary evolution/metamorphosis.

    Our greatest leaders today hang their hats on nerve center Niebuhr. Niebuhr’s outlook presaged

    today’s Muslim extremists — the sin of spiritual hubris is the worst sin, more than sins of mental/

    physical hubris, which are easier to overcome. –Curt

  7. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Lingle/Kim 2000 GOP —

    GOP chief Lingle met w/Harry Kim at Hata Bldg. Lingle got teed off because

    “don’t tell me what to do” Kim didn’t accept her GOP chain of command. Truly,

    Harry was a carpetbagger. –Curt

  8. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Hung Wai [“HW”] Ching 1905-2002 our discerning oracle

    G-2 [Army Intelligence Office] Moses Pettigrew served in Hawai`i pre-PH

    which gave him eyeball support of our AJAs for combat. When he went

    back to D.C., he worked closely w/Fielder in Hawai`i, who in turn relied

    on Bicknell until Bicknell also got re-assigned back to D.C. Fielder in turn

    relied on Marsten & Blake. Fielder was a jock [Georgia qb. beat

    Cumberland 220-0 — highest score in college football]/commanded

    Nat’l Guard unit here pre-WWII & mixed well w/

    ex-track star & ROTC alumnus Hung Wai Ching. Masaji Marumoto also

    served under HW & was trusted by G-2 ‘s gang above. Army ran martial

    law Hawai`i [`Iolani Palace had top brass general stationed there]

    & was the principal advocate for combat use of the 100th conscripts

    & the 442 enlistees. Of course, ONI’s Coggins, w/Nimitz’ approval,

    seconded combat use of Nisei. Do you know that Nimitz believed

    so much in AJAs that he called for the induction of 10,000 buddaheads

    for service outside the Pacific area in July 1942? Predictably, Navy Sec.

    Knox opposed Nimitz. Masaji Marumoto’s ESC under HW’s Morale Committee

    command pushed ONI’s Coggins/Nimitz to “second” Army infantry combat for

    AJAs, which impressed Marshall enough to reverse Ike & ratify Emmons’

    combat use of 100th.

    HW was so ubiquitous that LA Times’ Kyle Palmer backed HW. Being ROTC-

    trained, HW easily won support of military top brass. HW’s UH alter ego

    Hemenway pushed for HW as the point man for civilian support/unity in

    martial law Hawai`i. HW not only became the rallying cry for strength

    in unity/Americanism, he also became the rallying cry for fair treatment

    of all minorities in pluralistic America. Look at Truman’s integration of

    the military, at Ike’s civil rights genesis, at Earl Warren’s Brown vs. Bd.

    of Education decision/etc. HW is our discerning oracle. HW went to

    U Chicago for one yr., then transferred w/his prof to Yale Divinity. Which

    is why son KL Ching takes it hard that Jeremiah Wright, mentored by Union

    Theol.’s James Cone [HW’s alma mater], M.A. grad U Chicago [HW’s alma

    mater], is under attack from moderates/silent majority. Wright reminds me

    of John the Beloved before John’s transformation — son of thunder, man of

    rage, John was more aptly John the blowhard. Who said “shall we just

    burn’em up [Samaritans]?” You guessed it.

    Peter was another talker who pissed off Jesus to no end, but became a

    great leader. Wright is no great leader — yet. This is Obama’s roughness

    of the hour — Obama’s fate to evaluate in the middle of the fire. Wright

    needs to be Joshua– step back & watch others like Obama lead our united

    people, while following Jesus thru & thru. It is sad that Wright has not yet

    transformed a la John/Peter [Peter irked Jesus to quip, “Satan get behind

    me!” — referring to Peter]. Love, –Curt

  9. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    [Written prior to 2008 election]
    Will Obama win over Middle America’s silent majority?

    Live & learn — Obama’s haole tutu wahine was

    no pastor, she that exhorted that popolo men on the

    street frightened her. But Obama’s militant racist

    pastor supposedly is Jesus’ faithful servant who preaches love,

    not fear. If Obama denounces his pastor’s racism, Obama will

    do everyone a whole lot of good.

    We need peacemakers, not destructive warlocks.

    Obama has to attend a different church, unless his pastor

    publicly repents/atones. This is good leadership, not flighty

    behavior. Consider Obama’s PR crisis a dress rehearsal for

    the real thing [KIAs/war strategy]. Public adversity is

    Obama’s finest chance to be a great leader. Prove himself,

    or recede into mediocrity. Please, no syrupy nice guy

    cr_p like preacher Huckabee or Harry Kim.

    Do you know that Scrub Tanaka probably would’ve

    supported Obama [not the same old Clinton]??

    Teddy Roosevelt was the youngest Prexy sworn in

    [McKinley’s assassination] age 42.

    JFK the youngest Prexy voted in to office age 43.

    Clinton & Grant at ages 46, & Grover Cleveland at

    age 47 — all precede Obama in younger/same age

    if Obama wins the race [age 47]. –Curt

  10. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Lau Faat Leong aka Lau Ah Leong/Chun Afong —

    Punahou ’66 grad Pam Chun wrote novel “Money Dragon” about her great-

    grandfather Lau Faat Leong, among early founders of Chinatown [founder like Chun Ahfong,

    Hawai`i’s 1st Chinese millionaire –pundit Bob Dye’s wife is Chun’s progeny][not to be confused

    w/Vineyard’s Don Marin, whose progeny incl. harbormaster Ian Birnie’s wife]. Most Chinese

    merchants belonged to Hiram Fong’s First Chinese Christian Church aka “Beretania Church” [now

    located on King St. across McKinley High School]. 2nd & 3rd generation UH Chinese kids broke

    away from Beretania Church because of its ultra-rigidity [prohibited lascivious dancing/merriment] &

    started the Community Church across Royal Elem. School in shanty Emmaville in a ramshackle old

    Chinese School [today’s Nu`uanu Church — Hung Wo Ching facilitated its relocation in 1960].

    There is acute status consciousness b/n Nu`uanu Church & Beretania Church [Nu`uanu’s members

    are college grads & incl. our Chinese “Who’s Who”] — social climber mentality which would sadden

    primordial leaders Chinese Stephen Mark [from Frisco] & Leigh Hooley aka Lee Houlie [who got many

    of Leigh’s charges/students from Beretania Church to Nu`uanu Church via Leigh’s outreach to

    Nu`uanu & from Leigh’s Nu`uanu Y a block ewa/west of Nu`uanu Church]. In fact, Nu`uanu

    Church’s 2 conference rms. are named in honor of Leigh & Pastor Mark. John Young earlier

    “deaconed” at Beretania Church & also brought along many disaffected younger brethren to

    Nu`uanu Church. Young was inspired by Nu`uanu Y founder Frank Atherton 1878-1945, the 1st

    race-inclusive Y here in 1917. Of course, this is how Hung Wai Ching beat up the biggest Jap kids

    & then contritely became their biggest supporter WWII. Young/Hung Wai/Hooley were mentored by

    altruist Atherton. AJA kids went to Episcopalian ‘Iolani [Sun Yat Sen went to ‘Iolani/Punahou —

    Chinn Ho’s son Stuart, non-Nu`uanu brethren, was rejected to Punahou, went to ‘Iolani, then was

    admitted to Punahou — Nu`uanu Church kids had beeline entry to

    Punahou/Harvard/Yale/Stanford/Union Theological Seminary via Atherton]. Kaua`i’s Sakae

    Takahashi 1919-2001 went from Waimea High to UH for ag teacher creds [Sakae ran from cops

    w/his dad when Pablo Manlapit spoke to laborers roadside, the only place Manlapit could meet

    w/them — Sakae asked Congress Delegate candidate Dem Johnny Wilson why the Baldwins allowed

    Wilson to come speak at camp rallies — Wilson said he did the Baldwins’ irrigation systems, thence,

    the Baldwins allowed Wilson to come to the camps]. KingLit Ching’s baby brother SauLit is a

    Nu`uanu Church member — very altruistic, not a social climber. Former great sports scribe Loui

    Long Hop is Lau Faat Leong’s progeny. Joe Ballard Atherton 1837-1903, Frank’s dad, genesis of Y here.


  11. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Internment —

    Okay, so Mas Marumoto didn’t avert his in-law’s internment, just as Walter

    Dillingham didn’t avert his disciple/deshi Matsujiro Otani’s internment. Mas/

    Walter felt helpless to counter Shivers/Burns/Fielder’s lock-up list pre-12/7/41.

    Respect for the process. Irascible Hung Wai Ching was no sort of lay low

    joe. He was a samurai [yet he loathed samurai for their warrior mentality —

    yes, the conflicted/mercurial side of Hung Wai]. True, he didn’t know Issei

    archetypes Koichi Iida/Daizo Sumida/Katsuichi Kawamoto/Shige Miyao to

    prevent their internment, but nonetheless he fought for older/kyu Nisei

    to keep them out of lock-ups. Younger/wakai Nisei [442 boys] were not

    interned. BTW, Servco founder/Issei Hideichi “Pete” Fukunaga 1890-1960

    [1st buddahead diversified family companies — consumer/commercial loans–

    insurance–appliances–trademark Toyota dealerships] first immigrated

    to Kukuihaele/Honoka`a as Shin/new-recent Issei a century ago &

    worked in the Pacific Sugar Co. fields/general store, then moved to O`ahu

    to attend `Iolani School [via Episcopal beneficence — Honoka`a didn’t

    have a high school until 1936 — John Perreira 1908-1912 principal was

    an early home-grown proponent of expanded education at Honoka`a].

    Great Luso historymakers Godofredo Affonso [journalism]/Jose Teves

    [poetry]/Val Marciel [acct.], along w/Chinese entrepreneurs Ruddy Tong/

    Wong brothers, all hail from Honoka`a, but didn’t have anything beyond

    grade/elementary school during their eras. Former native son Pete

    Fukunaga wasn’t interned WWII because his dealerships were

    American — Chevy/Ford/General Motors. He became Toyota exclusive

    dealer in 1958 [he chose Toyota over Datsun/Nissan because it had

    a better clutch]. –Curt

  12. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Tom Okino born 1906 recruited Shinmachi boys WWII —

    Willy Thompson’s uncle Tom Okino married Shinmachi’s Nakaji [koa shop], thence

    Okino’s recruitment of disproportionately high number of Shinmachi 442 enlistees.

    Nisei SK Oda born 1899 is an honorary AJA Club member because he always

    donated time/equipment to our AJA Club [combo 100th/442/interpreters MIS/

    engineers/artillery]. Philanthropist Laura Kennedy 1879-1967 liked Sato Repair

    Garage in Shinmachi, so when son Akira Sato returned as 442 veteran, Laura

    donated the land across our Muni Golf Course to the AJA Club. At first a few

    100th boys wanted their own clubhouse on the donated parcel, so the 442

    boys built the current clubhouse adjacent to Laula Rd., leaving the makai

    portion for the 100th minority nonconformists. Eventually K Co. replacement

    Rusty Kamimura brokered truce/confluence b/n 100th/442, & today the

    AJA clubhouse sits proudly as a unified symbol of all the Nisei units. Rusty,

    the only son among sibs from Shinmachi born 1923, was only 14 yrs. old

    when his dad died. Isamu Kanekuni born 1921 was only 16 yrs. old when

    his dad died, Waiakea Mill camp. Both Rusty/Isamu are no-nonsense gruff guys,

    & goal-oriented. Rusty’s wife Ritsuko born 1927 is from Kea`au, & knows

    about Kea`au girls Yoshiko Ogawa/Mitsue Shinchi marrying ILWU’s high command [Hall/Seminara], though

    Ritsuko doesn’t like political talk/burei.

    Lefty also joined Scrub Tanaka’s post-WWII nascent Dem Party, & backed John

    Ushijima’s initial forway into the new State Senate 1959. But when John Ushijima

    started getting greedy & sabotaged the acquisition of Veterans Cemetery

    land extension/expansion thru John’s own land speculation w/Mas Sonomura,

    Rusty gave up vs. John’s insincerity & refused to support John thereafter. Bill

    Thompson & Rusty got my Mom to prepare resolution form to secure alternate

    Veterans Cemetery No. 2 site which you see today, no thanks to Ushijima. But

    my Dad [1st 442 Club prexy 1947] still liked baby bro’ John, because John was

    a cut-up good fun guy [beer/songs/music even though John sounded like a frog].

    K Co. Lefty Kuniyoshi was highly respected because Lefty was grassroots like

    Rusty. Lefty couldn’t stand peer Benty Tachibana, who attended reunions but

    nothing else. Lefty & Rusty were primordial Dem Party catalysts post-WWII

    along w/Scrub & Tadao Okimoto. Onomea’s Tadao was the only non-soldier.

    Scrub was MIS. Jack Burns always invited these 4 hombres along w/Waimea’s

    Onodera [not a soldier] to Jack’s Waimea home later on, w/driver Norman Tsuji

    also joining in. –Curt

  13. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Vietnam War sage Gen. Matthew Ridgway 1895-1993 —

    Ridgway dispelled MacArthur’s all-out war vs. China call in the Korean War by retaking Seoul
    & crossing the 38th Parallel. Ridgway also averted U.S. intervention to prevent French defeat
    in Indochina, arguing that ground forces equal to those in Korea were necessary to turn the
    tide for the French, over intervention proponent Admiral Radford, who argued that naval/air
    power were sufficient. Ridgway showed keen insight on the objective of limited war,
    unlike Radford & Korean War nemesis MacArthur. Ridgway insisted on withdrawal from
    Vietnam after the Gulf of Tonkin deception, arguing that we were destined to lose to
    civil war forces via our containment focus, on difficult terrain, via limited warfare. Ridgway’s
    prescience laid the foundation for Reagan’s Weinberger doctrine in 1985 which dissuades
    us from committing troops to conflicts in which no direct vital interests are at stake [ergo
    Hussein-Iraq]. Ho Chi Minh’s Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap is overrated, his impatience resulting in
    disastrous defeats beyond the capabilities of his forces [Tet offensive]. Although the French
    defeat at Dien Bien Phu 1954 enhanced Giap’s persona, the major strategic decisions of the
    French Indochina War were made by China, over greenhorn Giap’s objections. World media
    convinced the U.S. public that existing U.S. strategy of attrition would not result in final
    victory after Giap’s failed Tet offensive. W/public support undermined for our war effort,
    President Johnson halted U.S. air strikes above the 20th Parallel to induce negotiations w/
    Ho Chi Minh. –Curt

  14. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Typecasting —

    Yes, German engineers/mgrs. along the Hamakua/Kohala coast were demanding/autocrats.
    French mgr. W. Pierre Naquin [from La.] at Honoka`a Sugar Co. was especially
    abusive/dictatorial/ruthless. Germans enjoyed their high cultural status thruout the world, &
    attempted to redeem their lost glory post-WWI. Scots [prevalent thruout the islands] were
    pragmatic a la the Chinese, but they also had immense individualism a la their solitary Chinese
    counterparts. Did Ian Birnie, whose Dad was Scot immigrant, tell you about how his Dad’s Scot
    pals belittled Ian’s American Mom [not part of the exclusive Scot clique]? No wonder she divorced
    him [only to marry him again after he grew contrite as he aged]. But overall, Scot
    engineers/mgrs. were altruists, & unlike their Chinese counterparts, encouraged upward mobility
    in fledgling Asian immigrants. In these pecked-on Asian immigrants, our Scots, born/bred of
    tremendous hardship/poverty in Old World Occident, saw themselves. Thence enormous
    uplift/encouragement/sense of community from Scots to Asian immigrants. Name a larger-than-life
    plantation owner/mgr., he almost certainly was Scot. CC Kennedy/John M. Ross/James
    Henderson, all Scots, all caring owners/mgrs. Don’t mistake heart for complacency. These were
    firm/tough mgrs., but they were fair & cared for their villagers. Yes, the world has seen great
    Scot scientists/ literateurs, but not in abundance like their German counterparts. Thence the
    German hubris, thence the Scot stoicism. Also, the Scots were not humiliated WWI. The
    Germans lost face completely in defeat WWI. Displaced aggression/projection onto lower
    members of the social/status pecking order [Asian immigrants/etc.]. Then again, we had great
    German philanthropists sprinkled about, Reinhardt/Asegut from the 1850s [started sugar mills from
    my native Pa`uka`a to Papa`ikou], but these good joes came long before German ignominy
    WWI. The Reinhardts then intermarried w/Scot Henderson [not Sen. Richard, but mill owner
    James] & NY’s Macy [yes, famous Macy’s]. The new park by Harrington’s Restaurant is the former
    Reinhardt Estate. Again, every plantation was different, although common threads are visible.
    Generally, the larger the plantation, the greater the division of labor/stratification. Which is why
    labor strife was more prevalent in large communities like Ola`a-Kea`au & Pepe`ekeo. Labor
    agitator Pablo Manlapit had greatest impact at the large mills. No, Goto’s lynching preceded Big 5
    ownership in Honoka`a. Overend was proprietor/owner who was in over his head vs. labor
    agitators 1889. After all, “J_ps” had just come here 4 yrs. earlier. Ignorance breeds violence, both
    ways. Look at “J_ps” doing in other “J_ps” [J_ps bombed Sakamaki’s home in Ola`a 1920]. Look
    at Scrub Tanaka’s disdain for Yoshiko Ogawa [Ola`a girl married Jack Hall]. Scrub never lived down
    Scrub’s dislike for Pepe`ekeo/Ola`a AJA girls. Yet, Scrub worships all other AJA girls, always
    exhorting that they have more guts/brains than the men!! Girls like social worker Fumiko
    Iwamasa/stenographer Takemoto-Hayashi/etc. –Curt

  15. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Family links [KTA-Hawaii Hardware — HPM Bldg. Supply] —

    Intrepid pioneer building contractors/Issei immigrants Kametaro Fujimoto & Sanzo Kawasaki

    teamed up to form Hawai`i Planing Mill [bldg. supply outfit] in 1921. Sanzo later was bought

    out, & Kametaro’s son Barney took over operations. Barney was succeeded by Barney’s

    son Bobby, who then was succeeded by Bobby’s son Michael [Yonsei 4th generation, born

    1952], Bobby born 1927. Sanzo’s son Roger married Koichi Taniguchi’s daughter Sayoko.

    Ryuzo Taniguchi [Dr. Tokuso Taniguchi’s brother] is Koichi’s nephew, & owned Hawai`i Hardware,

    HPM’s smaller industry rival. Koichi’s other daughter [married to watchmaker George Hiraoka]

    worked at Ryuzo’s Hawai`i Hardware Store, which closed for good [retirement] a few yrs. ago, corner

    Kilauea/Hualalai Sts. [across Burger King/Long’s Drugs].

    Koichi Taniguchi’s name indelibly is linked w/Sanzo Kawasaki & w/Koichi’s nephew Ryuzo/

    Hawai`i Hardware Store. But no bad blood between KTA/HPM, both major benefactors

    re social altruism.

    Roland Higashi/Kaiko`o Mall bailed out Kiyo Okubo for several yrs., allowing Kiyo to house

    Kiyo’s museum rent-free in the old Men’s Shop site in the Kaiko`o Mall. This move came when

    Kiyo moved out of Dr. Matsumura’s termite-ridden “home” next to Ace Hardware. Yes,

    benevolent Roland was very generous to Kiyo Okubo. Roland never forgot how difficult it

    was for Roland’s entrepreneur dad to deal w/patricians [Holmes Store/AmFac/C. Brewer/

    Theo. Davies/etc.]. –Curt

  16. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    23rd Psalm — Billy Graham’s wife Ruth’s favorite, as well as George Mukai’s —

    The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want …. Ubiquitous pastor Richard Uejo born 1925/

    our Uncle Manuel Dias Souza born 1912-2008/stoic-superhuman 442nd’s George Mukai born 1923 —

    all are okay w/the opening line “The Lord is my shepherd” as their epitaph [gravestone

    inscription]. Like George Mukai says about his wife Janet Matsubara Mukai [converted from

    Buddhism], as Billy Graham says about his wife Ruth, She is my soulmate & my inspiration.

    Wow, heady stuff, baby!! Love, –Curt

  17. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Ha`ena [Kea`au] public access issue —

    1. County public works chief E.L. Wung [born 1893] in 1932 argued that WH Shipman Ltd.

    should provide a mauka to makai public access road for fisherman/opihi pickers/etc. He

    was turned down based on available access via the old gov’t rd. parallel to the

    Kea`au coastline. Nonetheless, gotta’ commend Wung’s position for the little guy.

    But Wung always had a grudge vs. patriarch Shipman, inasmuch Shipman often won out

    ranch lease/etc. bids over fellow rancher Wung. Thence, Wung’s minus-type mentality.

    2. In 1994 Jim Albertini/Kaliko Kanahele protested vs. Shipman & its mauka to makai Ha`ena

    Rd. [from Puna Mill site down to Ha`ena Beach where the Shipman beach home is].

    Their trespassing convictions were upheld in 1997 without comment. The 1995 PASH

    case [preserve native Hawaiian custom/usage gathering/cultural rights] had no effect

    on these convictions.

    3. Google Ha`ena Beach. You’ll see established access along the coastline via Ginny Aste/

    Jon Olsen’s trail outfit, which clearly prohibits trespassing into the Shipman Ha`ena

    property. Roy Blackshear/Fred Koehnen/Bobby Cooper of Shipman Ltd.

    were well aware of the public glare/expectations toward philanthropy, & Shipman Ltd.

    has tried to embrace its Hawaiian ancestral/actual bloodline feel for the common lot via

    public gifting/sponsorship/support. But forebearer Herbert Shipman’s [1892-1976, son of

    founder & missionary native son William Shipman] ohana embrace of his workers [Herbert

    was single, no kids — his workers were his family], though labeled feudal patriarchy/

    benevolent paternalism by outsiders, sadly never will be replicated in today’s ultra-sensitive

    grievance/victimization world & w/current mgmt. Love, –Curt

  18. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Headline-grabber Nippon’s Kawamoto/George Will on Congress —

    Folly that the Honolulu Advertiser switches back on its Hawaiian racial preference editorial.

    It slashes Nippon headline-grabber Kawamoto for preferring Hawaiians, yet it immunizes itself

    for its own Hawaiian racial preference [Akaka Bill/etc.]. Which brings up erudite columnist

    George Will’s take on Congress recognizing D.C. as a State when Congress has no authority

    to do so!! Congress also has no authority to voila` a Hawaiian tribe out of thin blue air.

    Only a federal constitutional amendment can make a State of D.C. [Senate majority Dems want

    to get 2 additional Dem Senate seats out of D.C.] or make a political [not prohibited racial]

    tribe of Hawaiians. Such pie-in-the-sky fairy tales concocted from power grabs & emplaced

    greed [Hawaiian entitlements mainly enrich the rulers, not the ruled, a la the sad 1848 Great

    Mahele] do no good for the common lot! Thanks, –Curt

  19. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Our greatest heroes were conscripts/draftees —

    I thank Tom Fairfull & his Army Museum gang for preserving the untold legacies of our greatest

    heroes. The 4 current DSC WWII 100th Batt. enshrinees typify an amazing point about the

    100th Batt. — these were the reduxed 1940-1941 draftees/conscripts who were separated from

    the non-AJAs, put on a ghost ship to nowhere [the Army initially had no clue whether to lock them

    up after the Pearl Harbor attack, or relegate them to non-combat duty because they could

    not be trusted to carry firearms (insurrection/subversion)], & became the orphan unit of the

    Army!! “And the rest is history.” –Curt

  20. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Affordable housing — no solution in sight short of autocracy/tyranny —

    Kingmaker Bob Oshiro, like eventual Burns expatriate Sakae Takahashi, grew weary of big money

    campaign financing. Jeremy Harris’ negative exemplar says it all.

    Affordable housing is the biggest problem facing lawmakers today. Only mega-large public

    housing projects will alleviate the homeless issue, albeit unsatisfactory stopgap measures

    [short of undemocratic population controls — limit on number of children one may bear]. –Curt

  21. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Pi`ihonua [land incline] political links —

    1. Pi`ihonua Camps 3, 4, & 5 lie 4 miles upslope north of Hilo Bay, village vestiges of Hawai`i

    [Sugar] Mill Co. Camp residents are mostly Okinawan[Uchinanchu] & Japanese [Naichi].

    Hawaiian residents include benevolent electrician Henry Keli`i & the Kahele ohana.

    Pi`ihonua Elem. School had its start w/the development of Hawai`i Mill plantation a

    century ago, its bldg. size gradually growing up the ground incline as its enrollment


    Former plantation owner James “Kimo” Henderson 1876-1965 has his mansion

    above Camp 3, & his daughter Lei Hutchinson has her home just below his. Kimo/Lei/family

    were GOP, but like UH godfather GOP Charles Hemenway, they exemplified their Christian

    creed of everybody’s equal. Nonetheless, the patriarchal Hendersons [no relation to

    Richard Scotch Henderson] surely were not elated that their spiritual progeny [village

    residents] carried the Dem Party banner. Free country. The Hendersons accepted

    this precept. If anything, the Hendersons’ diversity/pluralistic values were evidenced

    via their rank/file workers’ Dem colors. But the original residents [Issei immigrants/oldest

    Nisei children of immigrants] were apolitical: Sus Miura’s dad/Kantaro Kunihiro/Hidetaro Higa/

    Jihizo Ota/Hideo Yamada, among others. Owner James Henderson, typecast stone-face

    tightwad Scot, was not generous/benevolent to those villagers [Camps 3,4,5] at

    the bottom of the social ladder/group hierarchy [like renaissance man Henry Shimabukuro’s

    parents]. The common laborers despised Henderson’s uncaring/stand-off ways. But the

    company men/supervisors/scale men [weigh the cane tonnage] like original Luso Ventura/

    haole Herd/buddaheads Kunihiro, Ota, etc. absolutely worshipped him [were bestowed

    favors by the pragmatic/”conditioned response”-oriented Henderson]. Henderson was

    full Scot but was called Kimo for James by his Ponahawai ahupua`a devotees downtown

    where his mill factory was [on Puna side of Alena`io Canal by Central Fire Station]. Kimo

    bestowed his full grace/charity/generosity to his Mill Camp residents [now Osorio Lane/

    lower Kuku`au St. block between Kilauea Ave. & Kino`ole St. (there was no Kino`ole

    St. Puna side of Ponahawai St. in Henderson’s era pre-1920s)]. Kimo’s onetime

    office site at Pi`ihonua Camp 3 also was site of Kimo’s benevolence to Kimo’s company

    men. Kimo’s son Sonny & Kimo’s Helco confidante Pat Brown [Pu`u`eo’s Sheila

    Clark’s dad] were great altruists who uplifted the Ponahawai down-and-out residents.

    Just as Kimo’s loving daughter Lei Hutchinson [hubby Hardy Sr. was Gas Co. mgr./soft-

    spoken nice guy] took the austere Camp 3,4,5 Pi`ihonua kids under her expansive/

    tender/nurturant wings. Hardy Jr. was auspicious ad-man/PR guy but was hi-maka-maka

    toward villagers at bottom of social/class ladder.

    2. As scion James Henderson aged, camp residents linked w/powerful Dem solons to

    improve their lives/sites — Jackie/Mamoru Shiro enlisted Kazuhisa Abe; Tatsuya Oshiro/Sam

    Tokeshi had Nelson Doi, who also was the village cane planters’ attorney.

    Mokey Hanagami had John Ushijima; Isamu Ponduce [make bread] Hokama had

    Herb Matayoshi [Okinawan roots only peripheral to linkup]; Tets Kunihiro had Stanley Hara.

    Mac Taira had the lone GOP, powerful James Kealoha. Look at the Freeway to Nowhere

    from Camp 3 to Camp 4, a half mile distant. Look at the beautiful concrete bridges

    at Camp 3. Amazing pork barrel!! Amid austere/lean villagers. Mokey Hanagami also

    enlisted GOP curmudgeon/Sen. minority leader Doc Hill, who was peripheral to Pi`ihonua’s

    social progress, but who pragmatically hired mostly AJAs [post-WWII Nisei vote-getters].

    The current leaders/outfit are not linked politically. The current crew consists

    of dour/Mt. Rushmore Byron Toma, ebullient/classy retired Col. Henry Shimabukuro, polite

    Conrad Hokama [Ponduce’s son born 1958], & pedantic Roy Daimaru. Assorted mix.

    3. The close-knit/insular villagers have the remarkable distinctions of fee simple ownership

    of land down to the lowest rung of the social ladder –affordable lease-to-fee conversion

    from the State, the rarest/most magnanimous measure of participatory democracy —

    of owning their social hall & the land it sits on debt-free — all thru their own group effort

    [no corporate/Big Five bailout][DLNR’s Bill Paty facilitated purchase price at 50% of market

    value]. Amazing/remarkable pro-active collective effort unlike any other kumiai/community

    org. anywhere!! Kumiai prexy Toma thanks inimitable Henry Shimabukuro/Conrad

    Hokama for galvanizing lease to fee conversion. Extraordinary men w/even more

    exceptional hearts/yamato damashii/chugi/otagai/oyakoko!! I’m still floored by their

    superhuman achievements, on their own blood/sweat/tears! Great, great leaders,

    incredible metaphysical group cohesion/solidarity — unmatched!! Ai/kansha, –Curt

  22. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    State House Speaker Elmer Cravalho 1959-1967

    1. Elmer Cravalho born 1926, our Little Caesar, ran a tight ship as House Speaker. What does he do

    when he gets up out of slumber at 2 a.m. in the dead of nite? Plot! Cravalho returned

    to Maui for his long run as mayor in 1968, followed by fellow Luso Hannibal Tavares [Nils

    Tavares’/Edna Taufaasau’s nephew]. We now have another Tavares as mayor there.

    2. No, Cravalho was not Burns’ choice for Governor in 1974! Cravalho missed the boat when

    he turned down Burns’ plea to be Burns’ Lt. Gov. in 1966. Cravalho felt that the Lt. Gov.

    office was merely ceremonial, a demotion from Cravalho’s autocratic House rule. Burns

    confidante Mike Tokunaga surmised that Cravalho was swayed by Cravalho’s ILWU to

    stand pat in the House, where the ILWU pushed its agenda.

    3. Neophyte kanaka maoli Kenny Brown became Burns’ final Lt. Gov. choice in 1966, but was

    trounced by erstwhile anti-Burns bard Tom Gill. Like Hilo’s Scotch Henderson, Brown

    would’ve made a fine Governor — team builder/listener/frugal/compassionate. Aloha, -Curt

  23. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Dan Tuttle’s favorite lawyers/Luso(Portuguese)/Waiakea-Kai’s Martha Wakefield —

    1. Dan Tuttle, our best political observer, died Dec. 2006. His favorite lawyers are

    Bob Dodge [Dem Party manifesto that everybody’s equal 1952], Martin Pence [Kansas

    Plains Jacksonian Dem], & Hawaiian Bill Richardson [promoted Hawaiian custom over

    Western culture]. Nelson Doi is Tuttle’s favorite conversation piece [good copy/ink],

    not as a lawyer.

    2. Dodge is the classic case of idealism over pragmatism. When Dodge poked the windmill

    [a la hopeless romantic Don Quixote] of Dem Frank Fasi 1960 mayor’s primary race, Dem

    boss Jack Burns refused to endorse dreamer Dodge. Fasi swamped Dodge, only to lose

    to Burns’ good friend GOP Rusty Blaisdell in the general election. Above all, Burns was

    a team-first coach. Dodge did not fit the bill, despite being a brilliant platform man.

    3. Pence got elected County Attorney/became judge on the backs of faithful Dem soldiers

    like Yasuki Arakaki. But when Yasuki [I have to say full first name because he has brother

    w/nickname Yasu, like WWII hero/jock Kazuma Hisanaga, who has brother w/nickname Kazu]

    got nailed w/hot button red-bait charges, Pence demurely [not Pence’s usual style] asked

    Yasuki for Yasuki’s Dem Party membership card. Utterly betrayed, Yasuki took it out of

    his wallet, flung it at Pence, & told Pence, “And this is how you treat your friends, heh,

    judge!” Yasuki never spoke to Pence again. Pence’s sin, not Yasuki’s by a long shot.

    4. Richardson’s adage: The surveyor’s compass holds no water over the canoe berth [so that

    the canoe doesn’t wash out to sea in the dead of night], which defines the public’s right

    over the shoreline. Rich’s adage still crests today — rich beachfront owners cannot breach

    the public’s shoreline via salt-resistant vegetation from mauka to makai [vegetation indicates

    private ownership]. Ironically, Rich’s nemesis is Pence, who accused Rich of fairy tale

    concoctions, not precedent/law. Yin-yang. Take your pick.

    5. Non-lawyer John Hulten had the best answer to Burns’/Ariyoshi’s fear of fighting Bishop

    Estate over lease-to-fee conversion — ancient Mortmain [dead hand]/Rule Against

    Perpetuities [still alive today — Campbell Estate breakup] precepts promote land ownership

    at the lowest level of our socio-economic strata, equitable land distribution — Ariyoshi’s

    twisted logic over 2-tiered classes of lessors, akin to non-lawyer Burns’ rationale, is but

    an excuse for maintaining the status quo, leaving monolith Bishop Estate w/land ownership

    greater than all the private/corporate landowners combined. The U.S. Supreme Court

    validated lease-to-fee conversion. Remember that Hulten, like Burns, was a fighting

    Catholic [underclass/rank & file], & Hulten resented historical Protestant monopoly over land

    ownership. Yes, malihini Hulten was a greater fighter than Burns vs. landed estates.

    Hulten’s downside was that Hulten chastened Burns for not voting Burns’ Catholic

    conviction vs. abortion. In this respect, Hulten went down fighting, imposing his Catholic

    faith over civic responsibility. A mistake. Ironically, Hulten is best known for promoting

    the inter-island ferry as a cheaper alternative to commercial aviation. Hulten is a distant

    in-law of great Civil War general Ulysses S. Grant.

    6. Do you know that literata/solon Godofredo Affonso’s son Godfrey was an early thinktank

    w/Jack Burns in Kailua, O`ahu? That Burns’ St. Louis College/High allegiance stood strong

    w/Luso Val Marciel/Jim Ferry/Edna Tavares Taufaasau as Burns’ 1st cabinet chiefs? Imagine,

    3 Luso heads in Burn’s inaugural Gov. term! Matchless!

    7. Do you know that Waiakea-Kai kanaka maoli icon/principal Martha Richardson Wakefield is

    Charles Richardson’s daughter? Keaukaha’s Richardson Estate/Park & Mamo St.’s former

    name, Richardson St. pre-1916, not to mention the 2nd owner of Volcano House [Pitman

    was the first, 1846] 1866’s Richardson, are Martha Wakefield’s auspicious family [Charles/

    Julius Richardson]. Amazing compassionate lineage. Today’s slimmed-down Skylark Rossetti

    looks like prime/peaked Martha circa 1920.

    8. Do you know that when Jimmy Kealoha beat Bob Yamada for County Chairman 1958,

    when Lofty Cook beat Scrub Tanaka for County Chairman 1960, Scrub bellowed, our

    island is not ready for an AJA chief!! So powerful were the influence/personality of

    GOP Jimmy Kealoha, who became Statehood’s 1st Lt. Gov. in 1959!! But upstart Shun

    Kimura plotted the overthrow of old money/landed interests, & became AJA’s 1st Chairman

    in 1964, sweeping past ethnic Hawaiian rule from our County’s inception in 1905. So gallow-

    tight had been the grip of kanaka maoli/GOP chiefdom.

    9. Ethnic bloc voting/plunking is over-hyped. Dan Inouye beat Ben Dillingham in haole districts

    in 1962 for the U.S. Senate. Look at Gov. Lingle’s wins over Hirono/Iwase — AJAs/

    Filipinos voted for her! Haole districts voted for Akaka over Case last year! The sizzle of

    ethnicity does not fool us over the quality of sustenance. Pono/imua, –Curt

  24. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    High cost campaigning: 1970 Gov. Burns race — “Catch a Wave” —

    Shorted by 1970’s unprecedented Gov. campaign costs [film Catch a Wave] for Burns — vendor

    Ah Chew Goo, apolitical hoops legend, lost $2,000 for campaign pins/tokens. Dan Aoki

    failed to pay for the items, then had Frank Hata [Y. Hata of Hilo outfit][Frank also Ariyoshi’s

    Rasputin] try to barter w/Ah Chew [fundraising tickets to cancel debt], & finally a letter from

    Bob Oshiro explaining that Burns’ outfit had no money to pay the debt, & that Ah Chew best

    write it off for tax purposes. Till this day, Ah Chew is sore about the loss.

    Ah Chew has no preference for party labels. He sure soured on Burns’ gang in 1970. Wiped

    out by a bad debt. Catch a Wave caught Ah Chew in its grip. Sad experience, –Curt

  25. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Kingmaker Bob Oshiro on George Ariyoshi/our Lili`uokalani Park —

    1. Bob Oshiro was the kingmaker for Gov. Burns in elections 1962/1966/1970, for Gov.

    Ariyoshi in 1974/1978/1982, & for Gov. Waihe`e in 1986. Born in 1924, Oshiro is not part

    of the ubiquitous WWII all-Nisei soldiers, but a late draftee who ended up in post-WWII MIS

    Japan. Oshiro 1924-2008.

    2. A dying Jack Burns told Oshiro in 1974, “Bobby, unless you get involved, this man [Ariyoshi]

    isn’t going to make it. I want you to look at it from a standpoint of what it means to all

    of us at the [Democratic] party.” Ariyoshi denies that Burns babysat Ariyoshi to victory.

    3. Even though Oshiro was wedlocked w/genro[elder statesman] Burns, Oshiro carried the

    torch for Ariyoshi/Waihe`e to fulfill the precept of everybody’s equal [fairness in education/

    taxation/housing/health care/commerce/home rule], Oshiro’s ode to godly saint Burns.

    4. Do you know that Burns had our MIS Scrub Tanaka get 100th Batt. Sparky Matsunaga’s

    promise that even if Sparky defiantly runs in 1959 Lt. Gov. primary vs. Burns’ choice Mits

    Kido, if Sparky loses, Sparky will support the Dem slate in the Gov./Lt. Gov. general election?!

    Fellow 100th Mike Tokunaga was unable to dispel stubborn/ganko Sparky’s non-collaborative

    nature. And do you know that Sparky faithfully fulfilled Sparky’s promise to Scrub/Burns?

    When Sparky lost to Kido, Sparky closed ranks w/his Dems & went all-out to support Burns/

    Kido vs. Quinn/Kealoha. Of course, GOP Quinn/Kealoha won the new 1959 Statehood

    Gov./Lt. Gov. races. Scrub was a magnificent peacemaker at our Dems’ highest


    5. Do you know that our Hilo “Living Legend” Steamy Chow’s uncle Hiram Fong was closer

    to Jack Burns than to Bill Quinn? Hiram dismissed Quinn as unapproachable on political

    strategy/gamesmanship. Hiram also dismissed Sam King [the one-eyed judge] as an


    6. Laura Vestal, born 1879 in San Jose, CA., married just-widowed Waiakea Sugar Mill

    mgr. CC Kennedy [1848-1919] in 1907. Statuesque/majestic beauty Laura was a Parks

    commish who converted Lili`uokalani Park [solon Norman Lyman had Terr. Legislature

    set aside the ponds/grounds for a Japanese park in honor of just-deceased Queen

    Lili`u 1917] into a replica of Kyoto Japan’s Golden Pavilion grounds. Her husband C.C.

    donated the first $1,000 to landscape the park. Hilo contractor/landscaper Yamamoto

    built the quaint arch bridge in the pond site. Laura donated 3 monkeypod trees &

    the row of golden shower trees in Mo`oheau Park to shade sports fans/baseball players.

    Laura also donated the royal palm trees at the downtown Federal Bldg. Laura is the

    Outdoor Circle forebearer. Laura also donated the land upon which today’s AJA clubhouse

    sits next to the Hilo Muni golf course. Laura is not teacher Isabel Kennedy, a red-haired

    single woman. Laura loved everything Japanese [even had her own buddahead masseur].

    She was regal till her last breath in 1967. Her portrait adorns

    the AJA clubhouse wall. Her late husband C.C. was a magnificent philanthropist [Lincoln

    Park/library annex/Waiakea Social Settlement/etc.], catalyzed by his austere

    Scot beginnings [only grade school education/had to work as laborer fulltime at age 12].

    He never forgot how hard life could be. Auld Lang Syne, –Curt

  26. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Merchants were lower than artisans/farmers/fishermen in Tokugawa feudal Japan. Merchants simply sold other folks’ wares, not their own. But as monied trade increased, especially in the post-1868 Meiji era, merchants became the leading socio-economic class, ergo capitalists. Tokugawa Japan edicted that prefectural daimyo/chief warlords spend every other year at the emperor’s outside compound, to avert plots/conspiracies vs. the emperor, & to hold daimyo hostage in case of insurrection. “Keep your enemies close [to you].” –Curt

  27. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Yes, the Japanese family crest is the “mon,” the family sword is the “katana.” [adapted from Portuguese-Luso catana for machete] The 2 sword samurai had greater stature than the 1 long sword samurai. To Meiji backers, the samurai were eliminated post-1868 because the samurai sat around doing nothing useful. –Curt

  28. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Blanche Leite Cabral 1918-2008 was half-sister to Wendell Leite born 1928, both of whose mothers were sisters, Kapahua ohana. Of course, the Kapahua ohana owned a large expanse of land along what became RR Depot road, with the HRR/HCR station by the Pauka’a lighthouse toward the ocean, and the Depot Road connecting up with the old Mamalahoa Highway [today’s Kahoa & Kulana Rds.]. Below Blanche’s eventual home w/dearest hubby Mike Cabral was the Nagamatsu store [not my family]. Two lots Hilo direction of the Depot Rd./Mamalahoa junction [today’s Kulana Rd.] was another store, all servicing the Pauka’a mill camp residents [former Reinhardt-Asegut German mill at Manuel Reis’ houselot atop Pauka’a ridge along today’s Kulana Rd.-old Mamalahoa Hwy 1850-1857; then Chinese like Akau took over mill, until earliest haole planters like Irwin-Austin took over mill, eventually selling out to Onomea Sugar Co. in Papa’ikou][Pauka’a camp 2 along the Honoli’i river was a mile mauka of today’s mill camp]. Of course, the Kapahua estate’s prize possession was its Honoli’i expanse immediately below our Belt Rd. bridge. –Curt

  29. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Marcus Oshiro age 49 has his dad’s proud peacock

    nature, called arrogance by some and self-assured

    by many. Of course, Bob Oshiro 1924-2008 was

    regarded as a whole cheeser for Bob’s take-credit

    for-everything-positive personality. Aloha, –Curt

    From: communicant
    Subject: Young Oshiro

    Been reading your recent blogs, I recognize Bob Oshiro was a lynchpin in Burns’ political machine.

    But what about his son Marcus? He is said to be a House leader. He is arrogant and talks down to people in a way I never found his dad to be.

    Can you explain that?

  30. Curtis Narimatsu
    Curtis Narimatsu says:

    Jekyll and Hyde — Andrew Jackson was elected U.S. President on his campaign slogan “Down with the aristocrats!” He was the 1st President from the West, the 1st since George Washington w/out college schooling, and the 1st to be born in poverty. “Old Hickory,” as he was called, symbolized everybody’s equal, the agricultural/rural/conservative pioneers like Jackson gaining par w/the Eastern urban industrial liberals. But Jackson implemented removal of American Indians such as the Trail of Tears wherein 16,000 Cherokees were forced to walk to today’s Oklahoma, & 5,000 died along the way. Such manifest destiny, the belief that White domination of the continent was God’s will, resulted in the size of the U.S. doubling in the 1800s. Toward mid-century 1800s, our South opposed our North’s desire for higher tariffs/government aid for expanding railroads/generous terms for homesteading-land settlement in the West frontier, on top of the powerful slavery issue. Our Civil War reaffirmed us as an indivisible nation and not a collection of sovereign states, our Civil War being the grand epic of American history in its heroism/romance/utter tragedy [half million lives lost]. Reconstruction 1865-1877 resulted in a tacit agreement for our Southern Bloc to regain political control [vs. Northern industrialists] and deprive African-Americans of their newly won rights [voting/property ownership]. Southern Bloc progeny invoked social Darwinism that former slaves were incapable of civilization [like the Easterners half a century before who broke treaties w/Indians signed in the late 1700s which respected Indian tribes as sovereign peoples]. –Curt

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